Mark Woolfe's Posts (395)

This paper reports a protocol for screening triglyceride extracts from beef and horse meat mixtures using a 60 MHz Hydrogen NMR scan followed by principal component analysis. After obtaining an "authentic" beef and horse triglyceride regions, the assay was used to screen commercial samples of mince, and correctly identified the non-beef samples. The method would be suitable for rapid screening of raw meat materials. 

Read the full paper: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814614018391

Also you can watch the video:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flYtDZgvHao&feature=player_embedded

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After a disastrous olive harvest, prosecutors in Turin have launched a major commercial fraud investigation. Investigators have found 'major irregularities' in the quality of top olive oils. Extra virgin olive oil costs around £6 per litre compared to £3.45 normal oil. Producers face fines of £1,400 for each mis-sold bottle of extra virgin oil 

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3314223/Top-Italian-brands-investigation-passing-ordinary-olive-oil-extra-virgin-disastrous-harvest.html#ixzz3rlDCg6Ty 

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Addition of mandarin juice in orange juice has been detected using DNA methodology (heteroduplex). A new approach to identify citrus fruit varieties is given in this paper by a cooperative project from FAO/IAEA using LC-MS and analysis of specific metabolomic markers. Statistical treatment allowed adulteration to be detected down to 1%.

Read more at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956713515302668

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El Niño Phenomenon Hits Food Prices

Weather-driven concerns about sugar and palm oil supplies have led to price increase of major food commodities in October, said Food and Agriculture Organization today. The FAO report released today said that its Food Price Index averaged nearly 162 points in October, up 3.9 per cent from September, while still down 16 per cent from a year earlier.

Read more at: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/79a42688-83c8-11e5-8095-ed1a37d1e096.html#axzz3r5ft1n1z

FAO Report details at: http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/342011/icode/ 

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The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), signed into law by President Obama on Jan. 4, 2011 enables FDA to better protect public health by strengthening the food safety system. It enables FDA to focus more on preventing food safety problems rather than relying primarily on reacting to problems after they occur. The law also provides FDA with new enforcement authorities designed to achieve higher rates of compliance with prevention- and risk-based food safety standards and to better respond to and contain problems when they do occur.  

Read more details at: http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/FSMA/ucm239907.htm

and full details on the new Act and its implementation on the FDA website: http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/FSMA/default.htm

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BEUC Report : Dishonest Labelling Still an Issue

BEUC’s latest report found croquettes containing half the quantity of meat declared on the label, sulphites used to make minced beef look fresher, and chicken sold as veal in kebabs.

Read more: http://horsetalk.co.nz/2015/11/06/dishonest-food-labelling-still-issue-europe-report/#ixzz3r5W0EpLS 

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Following a study of Manuka honey, Rowse Honey has concluded that more than twice as much Manuka honey is sold than produced. In addition, Rowse funded tests on the NPA value, which is an indication of the amount of methyl glyoxal, the active compound giving the honey its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.  The tests showed that in many cases the the NPA value did not match the amount of methyl glyoxal that should have been present.

Read the full article at :

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3302734/It-s-honey-trap-Half-liquid-gold-manuka-sold-high-street-fake-experts-warn.html

 

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A rapid multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mass spectrometric method for the detection and relative quantitation of the adulteration of meat with that of an undeclared species is presented by IFR's Analytical Sciences Unit. The approach uses corresponding proteins from the different species under investigation and corresponding peptides from those proteins, or CPCP. Selected peptide markers can be used for species detection. The use of ratios of MRM transition peak areas for corresponding peptides is proposed for relative quantitation. The approach is introduced by use of myoglobin from four meats: beef, pork, horse and lamb. Focusing in the present work on species identification, by use of predictive tools, peptide markers were determined that allow the identification of all four meats and detection of one meat added to another at levels of 1% (w/w). Candidate corresponding peptide pairs to be used for the relative quantification of one meat added to another have been observed. Preliminary quantitation data presented here are encouraging.

Read the full article in Anal. Chem.201587 (20), pp 10315–10322  at

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021%2Facs.analchem.5b02318

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A lab-on-a-chip-based multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the authentication of five non-halal meat species in foods is described. Using species-specific primers, 172, 163, 141, 129 and 108-bp sites of mitochondrial ND5, ATPase 6 andcytochrome b genes were amplified to detect cat, dog, pig, monkey and rat species under complex matrices. Species-specificity was authenticated against 20 different species with the potential to be used in food. The assay was optimised under the backgrounds of various commercial meat products and validated for the analysis of meatballs, burgers and frankfurters, which are popular fast food items across the globe. The assay was tested to detect 0.1% suspected meats under commercial backgrounds of marketed foods.

Read more in Food Additives and Contaminants at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19440049.2015.1087060

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A method using the q-ICP-MS analysis of 19 elements has been developed to differentiate organic and conventional Brazilian rice samples. 17 certified organic samples and 33 conventionally grown rice samples from 5 different regions in Brazil were analysed, and using 19 elements it was possible to predict with 98% confidence the authenticity of the rice samples. Just using calcium and cadmium, it was possible to predict the authenticity with 96% confidence.

Read the full preliminary unedited pdf paper at:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889157515002008 

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Elemental iodine determination by ICP-MS and carbon isotope analysis by EA-IRMS were jointly employed to identify recycled cooking oil from edible oils. Iodine in 204 oils demonstrated that recycled cooking oils can be distinguished from soybean oil, maize oil, rapeseed oil, groundnut oil, sunflower oil and olive oil. It is proposed to use total iodine analysis as the primary screening method and the carbon isotope ratio measurement as a secondary method for confirmation and verification.

Read the full abstract at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11746-015-2726-0

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Detecting Food Authenticity and Integrity

Detecting Food Authenticity and Integrity is a joint Analyst and Analytical Methods themed collection of research papers showcasing the latest discoveries and developments in detecting food authenticity and integrity; including the analysis and detection of food fraud, contamination, adulteration and spoilage. There are papers on:

  1. A new PCR method for horsemeat detection and quantification.
  2. Rapid quantitative detection methods for rapid on-site food fraud analysis - moving out of the laboratory and into the food supply chain.
  3. Assessment for the fitness of purpose utilisation of 5 hydroxymethyl 2 furfural quantification analysis in FAPAS proficiency tests.
  4. Hyperspectral imaging in tandem with multivariant analysis and image processing for non-invasive detection and visualisation of pork adulteration in minced beef.
  5. Integration of colorimetric and SERS detection for rapid screening and validation of melamine in milk.

The papers are available from the on-line journals at:

 http://pubs.rsc.org/en/journals/articlecollectionlanding?sercode=ay&themeid=dd305f52-68e5-44e6-8634-25d564d11c89


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Fungal Stripe Rust Threatens Global Wheat Supply

A new study from the University of Minnesota shows that stripe rust is an even greater threat to the world’s wheat supply than previously thought. Stripe rust is caused by a fungus and produces bright yellow spores. According to the US Department of Agriculture, it’s common for a field infected with stripe rust to lose 40 percent of its wheat, and sometimes fields are wiped out completely.

Read more at:  http://kstp.com/article/stories/s3909251.shtml

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Each year fake food products and tobacco smuggling cost the legal market four billion euros and over 20,000 jobs in Italy, according to Confagricoltura at the Milan Expo 2015. 

Read more at: http://www.ansamed.info/ansamed/en/news/sections/sicily_expo_2015/2015/09/09/food-counterfeiting-cost-4bln-a-year_fc154ff0-391b-44e2-9292-0976dfc3255a.html

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M&S Reveals Unannounced Food Audits

Marks & Spencer is combining its hygiene and product audits and preparing to roll out unannounced visits to the majority of its food suppliers in a bid to further strengthen its supply chain integrity against fraudsters looking to cash in on vulnerable companies.

Read more the full article:

http://www.foodmanufacture.co.uk/Manufacturing/Retailer-s-plan-to-tackle-food-fraud

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NFU Scotland reported that several farmers have been in touch in recent days about the deteriorating conditions for harvest - and the wider troubles of poor returns and high input costs. One area already suffering is the west of Scotland, where for many cereal growers the misery is getting worse by the day, with very little let up in the downpours that have been turning fields into swamps.

Read the full article at:

http://www.thescottishfarmer.co.uk/news/catastrophic-harvest-looms.27616768

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