The UK Code of Practic for Basmati Rice was revised in 2017 to include 26 new varieties of Basmati developed by Indian and Pakistani plant breeders. This study by Eurofins reports the analysis of the DNA fingerprints of these cultivars using authentic samples from official sources to enable the authentication the new Basmati varieties. Results not only allow the enforcement of the revised CoP, but provide further insights into the genetic relationships between the varieties and their descended relationship with landrace and other hybrid varieties. The study also examined the genotype fgr, which is regarded as important for producing Basmati aroma, and this was found missing in 6 of the new varieties. It is not the only functional polymorphism associated with fragrance of rice and the content of aroma in these new varieties, so the study concludes that these 6 varieties should be studied and further requirements should be defined, including the organoleptic characteristics of Basmati.
Read the full study here