Quantitative DNA methods are used to detect and measure common wheat adulteration of durum wheat pasta. Italian and Argentinian researchers have validated a method for common wheat adulteration using Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and chemomentrics. The dataset used to calibrate this infrared method was from 300 samples of both Italian and Argentinian durum wheat pasta analysed by an ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) method with common wheat adulteration ranging from less than 0.5% to 28%. These samples were analysed by both near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR, FT-MIR) and the performance results were compared. The spectra were then analysed by two chemometric methods - Partial-Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). The first LDA and PLS-DA models grouped samples into three-classes, i.e. common wheat ≤1%, from 1 to ≤5% and >5%; while the second LDA and PLS-DA models grouped samples into two-classes using a cut-off of 2% common wheat adulteration. The accuracy of the validated models were between 80 and 95% for the three-classes approach, and between 91 and 97% for the two-classes approach. The three-classes approach provided better results in the FT-NIR range, while the two-classes approach provided comparable results in both spectral ranges. These results indicate the method could provide a rapid and inexpensive way of determining common what adulteration in durum wheat pasta.
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